Jackson County, Alabama
American History & Genealogy

Jackson County, Alabama, is situated in the north east part of the state, and contains 975 square miles. The Tennessee River runs on its south east and south border, and Flint River on its south west border. It is watered by Paint Rock Creek and its branches, and by Racoon Creek. Capital, Bellefonte. There were in 1840, neat cattle 9,528, sheep 6,551, swine 59,551; wheat 30,956 bushels produced, rye 4,557, Indian corn 1,043, 107, oats 72,617, potatoes 35,260, tobacco 23,528 pounds, cotton 1,165,616, sugar 5,634; 12 stores, capital $77,000; 4 tanneries, 29 distilleries, 24 grist mills, 7 saw mills, 1 printing office, 1 weekly newspaper. Capital in manufactures $10,710. 19 schools with 535 scholars. Population: 1830, 12,700; 1840, whites 13,863, slaves 1,816, free colored 36; total, 15,715.

Bellefonte is a post village, capital of Jackson County, Alabama, 166 miles north east of Tuscaloosa, 667 miles from Washington City. On Paint Rock River, 2 miles west of Tennessee River. It has 2 churches, 1 Presbyterian and 1 Methodist, 2 academies, 12 stores, 50 dwellings, and 400 inhabitants.


Source: A Complete Descriptive And Statistical Gazetteer Of The United States Of America, By Daniel Haskel, A. M and J. Calvin Smith, Published By Sherman & Smith, 1843



Scottsboro is the present day County Seat.

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Surrounding Counties

Georgia Neighboring Counties Dade County Walker County
Alabama Neighboring Counties DeKalb County Madison County Marshall County
Tennessee Neighboring Counties Franklin County Marion County

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